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Intimate partner violence in male survivors of child maltreatment a meta-analysis

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Metrics details. Intimate partner violence against women IPV and violence against children VAC are both global epidemics with long-term health consequences. The vast majority of research to date focuses on either IPV or VAC, however the intersections between these types of violence are a growing area of global attention. A significant need exists for empirical research on the overlap of IPV and VAC, especially in contexts with particularly high rates of both types of violence. This exploratory study includes secondary analysis of data from a cluster randomized controlled trial in Ugandan schools. Common contributing factors for female caregiver-adolescent dyads with both VAC and IPV include lower SES, less caregiver education, higher caregiver mental distress, more frequent caregiver alcohol use, and caregivers who report less emotional attachment to their intimate partner.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Domestic violence: a child's perspective - Abi Cole - TEDxDurhamUniversity

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: From Victim to Survivor: Find Your X…but First, Find Your (Wh)Y? - Lauren Book - TEDxOxford

The long-term effects of child sexual abuse

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Given the abundant literature, only studies indexed in the scientific database of reference, the Web of Science, were selected. The probability of chronic injury dysthymia was greater than developing more severe injury, i.

In the category of anxiety disorders, injury was expressed with a higher probability in specific phobia. As for the type of abuse, the meta-analysis revealed that abuse involving penetration was linked to severe injury, whereas abuse with no contact was associated to less serious injury.

The clinical, social, and legal implications of the results are discussed.. The World Health Organization WHO, defines child sexual abuse CSA as involvement of a child in sexual activity that he or she does not fully comprehend, is unable to give informed consent to, or for which the child is not developmentally prepared and cannot give consent, or that violates the laws or social taboos of society. These authors often refer to the characteristics of the aggressor e.

Psychological injury is classified according to two broad diagnostic categories: mood disorders and depressive disorders as termed by the DSM-IV and DSM-V, respectively , and anxiety disorders Jumper, ; Maniglio, ; Paolucci et al. The manifestation of sequelae in symptoms or in a particular disorder was related to the variables specific to each individual. Succinctly, the prevalence and severity of injury has been reported to be different for females and for males Jonas et al.

Owing to the clinical, social, and legal implications of the results, the meta-analytical technique to be employed should not be constrained to standard effect sizes with their significance, generalization, and assessment of moderators, but should also quantify injury in terms of populations i. The process for selecting scientific studies began with a search in the meta-search engines i. The vast majority of the search results yielded, with-out compromising the requirements for performing a robust meta-analysis i.

Thus, the next step was to search for studies in one of the world's leading scientific databases of reference, the Web of Science. All of the databases of scientific papers Core Collection, Current Contents, Medline, Scielo, KCI-Korean were searched to include not only scientific literature par excellence, but also cultural concepts i.

Nevertheless, the race or ethnicity of victims of sexual abuse was not related in itself to the manifestation of depressive or anxiety disorders Mennen, In the second search in the Web of Science, the same English language descriptors were used given that all of the descriptors in these databases are in English.

Following a method of successive approximations, all of the keywords were reviewed in the selected articles in the search for other potential descriptors.

This method identified other descriptors employed by other authors e. In all, the system yielded more than 15, searching by child sexual abuse and 2, searching by child sexual abuse AND depression OR anxiety studies that were finally reduced to 78 after applying the following inclusion and exclusion criteria. Studies failing to meet the prescribed requirements were excluded, as were cases where, after contacting the authors, the data required was not facilitated for the computation of the effect sizes.

In addition, studies with data errors e. Similarly, studies failing to guarantee the mutual exclusion of the victim of sexual abuse condition from other forms of maltreatment were also excluded e. The inclusion of studies was restricted in time to studies published since given the profusion of meta-analysis on studies up to Jumper, All of the studies selected had been published in double blind peer-reviewed scientific journals indexed at the Web of Science.

The following data from the studies was coded for the meta-analysis: variables measuring the effects of abuse i. Appendix 1 shows the characteristics of the primary studies included in the present meta-analysis.

When several measures of anxiety were reported e. Moreover, when the sample was subdivided into subtypes of abuse, the effect sizes were weighted in order to obtain an overall size. As most of studies fail to provide correlations between sexual abuse and the measures of sequelae of internalizing disorders i.

If the results were expressed in Z values, they were transformed into correlations, phi was obtained from 2 x 2 tables, and when in odds ratio converted to correlations. The formulas for converting the other effect sizes to correlations were taken from Cohen and Rosenthal For predictor reliability, the measure of sexual abuse, the reliability coefficients obtained from the primary studies were computed.

When studies failed to report reliability coefficients or reported concordance, which is not reliability, mean reliability was calculated on the basis of the primary studies. Succinctly, the measure of the predictor, victims of sexual abuse, was reliable see Table 1 with a limit below. Criterion reliability was drawn from the primary studies, the ori-ginal publication of the instrument itself and, in the absence of both, completed with the means for those contingencies where they were unavailable.

The mean reliability, standard error, and confidence intervals for each measure are shown in Table 2. In short, the measure of criteria reliability ranged from. The results identified 6 outliers -. Thus, a total of 6 studies were eliminated from the meta-analysis as outliers. Though results were generalizable in three measures general sequelae, depression, and anxiety , the literature recommends assessing the potential differential effects of gender, type of measure, and type of abuse meta-analysis.

In short, it is well known that the base rate for symptoms and clinical diagnosis differ from males to females. Nolen-Hoeksema, , This view is so firmly established that most of the psychometric measurement instruments extensively used in clinical practice score males separately to females.

Likewise, according to the leading international organisations classifying mental disorders American Psychiatric Association, ; WHO, , there is a higher prevalence of diagnosed depression and anxiety among females than males, including school-aged children and adolescents. Similarly, the type of abuse suffered i. As for the variables measuring the effects on victims of abuse, i.

In other words, they are different measures, given that they measure different constructs, so they may have a differential sensitivity to injury. Gender effects. Thus, in the latter case, the results exhibited moderators mediated the direction of the effects.

In prevalence rates odds ratio , injury in depression for female and male victims was 2. Effects of the type of measure. Effect size for agoraphobia has not been obtained due to insufficient k. The meta-analysis of major depressive disorder and dysthymia persistent depressive disorder nesting in the diagnosis of depression see Table 5 , confirmed a significant and positive effect, of a medium size, and generalizable.

Thus, the prevalence of a dysthymic disorder in victims of abuse was 6. The results of the meta-analysis on the type of abuse suffered no contact, contact, and penetration revealed a significant and positive effect, of small size, and generalizable in depression and anxiety see Table 6. Effects of the interaction type of measure and gender.

In the diagnosis of depressive disorders see Table 7 , the effect sizes were positive and significant for both males and females, of a small size for males and a medium one for females, which were generalizable for females, but not for males the effects of the moderators could not be assessed in this case due to the very small k.

The effect sizes in depressive symptoms were significant, positive, of small sizes, generalizable, and similar ns for both males and females. As for anxiety symptoms, the effect sizes were significant, positive, of small sizes, and generalizable for both males and females. This was demonstrated in the following:.

This finding implies that offenders are not only criminally responsible for their deeds, but are also liable to civil compensation payments for injuries caused to victims. However, symptoms are not an optimum indicator of injury. The evaluation techniques characteristic to clinical diagnosis and clinical symptoms may explain these differences. Furthermore, the diagnostic threshold was much stricter than for symptoms, which underscores its greater sensitivity and specificity.

Thus, the benchmark for future research should be the diagnosed measure of injury based on an interview task, rather than symptoms based on a psychometric measure. Moreover, the expression of injury as dysthymia was significantly greater than for major depressive disorder, that is, the probability of chronic injury dysthymic was greater than more serious injury major depressive disorder.

These results lend support to the distinction in the legal classification of both criminal typologies. This meta-analysis entails certain limitations that should be borne in mind when interpreting the data. Moreover, victim self-reports of sexual abuse may bias the results towards concealing them false negatives , in particular for males Stoltenborgh et al.

Third, the effect of the variable under analysis in primary studies was not completely isolated as in many studies victims of sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect, and other categories appear under the same umbrella. Fourth, as some studies had no control group, the normative population was taken as the contrast group, or it was not equivalent to the experimental one with the subsequent potential for distortion in the calculated effect sizes Briere, Further research is required to determine which moderators inhibit the generalization of the effects in the general measure of anxiety in the male population and in the diagnosis of depression and anxiety.

The authors of this article declare no conflict of interest. Summary Table of Primary Studies Characteristics. Inicio Psychosocial Intervention Psychological injury in victims of child sexual abuse: A meta-analytic review.

ISSN: Psychological injury in victims of child sexual abuse: A meta-analytic review. Descargar PDF. Autor para correspondencia. Under a Creative Commons license. Table 1. Predictor Reliability.. Table 3. Table 4. Table 5. Table 6. Table 7. The clinical, social, and legal implications of the results are discussed. Child sexual abuse. Palabras clave:. Abuso sexual infantil. Texto completo. Method Database Search of Studies The process for selecting scientific studies began with a search in the meta-search engines i.

Coding of Primary Studies The following data from the studies was coded for the meta-analysis: variables measuring the effects of abuse i. Predictor Reliability For predictor reliability, the measure of sexual abuse, the reliability coefficients obtained from the primary studies were computed. Predictor Reliability.

Table 2. Criterion Reliability.

Intimate Partner Violence in Male Survivors of Child Maltreatment: A Meta-Analysis

Given the abundant literature, only studies indexed in the scientific database of reference, the Web of Science, were selected. The probability of chronic injury dysthymia was greater than developing more severe injury, i. In the category of anxiety disorders, injury was expressed with a higher probability in specific phobia. As for the type of abuse, the meta-analysis revealed that abuse involving penetration was linked to severe injury, whereas abuse with no contact was associated to less serious injury. The clinical, social, and legal implications of the results are discussed..

Graham M. Davies , Anthony R.

Gendered Violence, Abuse and Mental Health in Everyday Lives: Beyond Trauma offers new insights into the social dimensions of emotional distress in abuse-related mental health problems, and explores the many interconnections between gendered violence, different forms of abuse and poor mental health. Looking at how individuals can overcome the impact of abuse over the course of their lives, Moulding maps a feminist-informed recovery-oriented approaches to therapy and prevention. Drawing on sociological perspectives and a wide range of international research, as well as original qualitative data presented here for the first time, this book:. This innovative volume is an important contribution to the literature on the impact of violence and abuse on the lives and health of its survivors.

Godbout, N. Childhood interpersonal trauma and sexual satisfaction in patients seeking sex therapy: Examining mindfulness and psychological distress as mediators. Bigras, N. Sous presse. Deslauriers, J. Revue internationale de criminologie et de police technique et scientifique, 71 1 , Brassard, A. Violence Against Women. Childhood maltreatment, attachment, and borderline personality-related symptoms: Gender-specific structural equation models. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy.

This paper reviews recent Australian and international research on the long-term effects of child sexual abuse. It aims to assist practitioners and policy-makers who work with survivors of sexual abuse and their families to understand the significant findings from this large and sometimes complex body of research. For consistency and clarity the current paper uses the term "victim" for the childhood experience and "survivor" for the adult experience or impact. For further information on the definition of child sexual abuse and other child maltreatment subtypes see What is Child Abuse and Neglect? Child sexual abuse CSA covers a broad range of sexual activities perpetrated against children, mostly by someone known and trusted by the child.

Drawing for multiple viewpoints and experts, the book is divided into seven comprehensive sections, covering such topics as risk factors, varying theoretical frameworks, prevention and intervention, and special populations.

Intimate partner violence IPV is a major public health concern. Yet, despite an increasingly extensive literature on interpersonal violence, research on male victims of IPV remains sparse and the associations between different forms of child maltreatment CM and IPV victimization and perpetration in men remains unclear. The present meta-analysis evaluated five different forms of CM sexual, physical, and psychological abuses, neglect, and witnessing IPV as they predicted sexual, psychological, and physical IPV perpetration and victimization in men.

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8% of men say they have been victims of sexual abuse as children. child maltreatment, intimate partner violence a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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Comments: 3
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  3. Tejar

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